Study of Solar Energy Potential in Azerbaijan

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Study of Solar Energy Potential in Azerbaijan

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Title: Study of Solar Energy Potential in Azerbaijan
Author: Mammadov, Fuad
Abstract: Due to his geographical location, climate condition and economical infrastructure peculiarities Azerbaijan is the most perspective region for renewable and alternative energy sources’ application. Today exhaust fossil fuels exhaust stock equal to ~2 billion tone crude oil and 2,2 billion m3 gas that concedes to Middle East on the quantity. On the other hand the predictions show that till 2030-2050 years crude oil consumption in Azerbaijan will consist of 50-55% and gas demand will be 20-25% which can lead appreciable depletion of hydrocarbon stock subject to their export. In this aspect it is necessary to notice that in majority of the regions of Azerbaijan solar energy potentials consist of averagely 1600-2000 kWhour/m2 (including some cases till 2200 kW-hour/m2 in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic). For application of solar energy objective evidence on solar energy potential is important. To solve practical tasks dealing with solar energy and to include its potential in Azerbaijan energy balance long term measurements should be carried out. Development of solar cadastre of Azerbaijan permits to estimate technically and economically beneficial variants of solar energy potentials during solar energy plants building in different regions of the Republic. By this purpose in Azerbaijan solar energy potential map was firstly established. Therefore during 6 years measurements at weather stations located in the several zones of the Republic have been carried out. Here average annual amount of sunshine hours, direct, diffuse and albedo solar radiations were determined. On the base of the obtained results solar energy potential maps were prepared. I should notice that maps of Azerbaijan solar energy potentials are to be published in this paper in first time.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1097
Date: 2012


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